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A Review on Thermal Management of Electric Vehicles’ Batteries

Amarnath R., Anandu Mahesh, Arpith B, M. Nandagopan


The automobile industry has presented itself with innovative solutions to combat rising environmental concerns. They have come up with better techniques and improved replacements for many conventional systems. One such intriguing innovation is the electric vehicle (EV). Soon electric vehicles have flooded the international lanes. This has brought attention over its performance which is highly characterized by its energy source; EV battery. Across the globe, Li-ion batteries were found to be dominating the automobile battery market. These Li-ion batteries have been producing an extreme amount of heat, owing to the extensive load cycles they experience. This heat has to be removed out of the battery pack to ensure an optimum working environment for the cells. And it is achievable by conventional cooling methods like liquid cooling, air cooling, etc. or through passive thermal management techniques. A combination of various cooling systems can also be brought out to set up a hybrid cooling system.


Li-ion cells, battery management system, liquid cooling, phase change material, hybrid cooling

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