Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Performance of Air Power Engine Fueled with Oxygen Gas, Compressed Air and Engine Exhaust Gas

S. Venkateswara Rao, P. Ravindra Kumar


These days people are focusing mainly on alternate fuels as there is shortage of non-renewable energy sources and some of the alternate fuels which available are found to cause some of the problems like difficult to store, proved to be less efficient and non-economical. Among the various alternative technologies air powered technology is one of the promising technology. So, it is proposed to find the solution to these three crises of shortage in fuel, hike in fuel prices and pollution to environment caused by the combustion of fuels. To achieve this, we have to modify the existing I.C. engine or compressor into an air powered engine to run the vehicles. We select the compressor and we improved it as our key objective is to develop an efficient, economical and which runs on clean fuel with almost zero emissions i.e. air and we named it as air powered engine. At the initial stage compressed air obtained from the compressor is used as fuel for the engine, further oxygen from cylinders is used as fuel, this lead to the idea of using exhaust to run the engine and hence it is termed as exhaust gas engine. Fuel used in the exhaust gas engine is exhaust evolved from CI or SI Engines. Industries releases exhaust gases in to atmosphere, using of these exhaust in a productive manner, results in development of a most economical engine. Hence, exhaust gas as a fuel can be measured as one among the best substitute sources of energy.

Full Text:



A brief history of air cars, Available from: 〈〉; [accessed June, 2015].

K.R. Mishra, G. Sugandh. Study about engine operated by compressed air (C.A.E.): a pneumatic power source, IOSR J Mech Civil Eng. 2014; 11: 99–103p.

US Patent no: US 6,868,822 B1 (2005), invs.: A.D. Pietro, H. Crossing. Rotary piston engine.

US Patent no: US 7,296, 405 B2 (2007), invs.: G. Negre, C. Cedex, C. Negre, C. Cedex. Variable flow reducing valve and gradual control valve distribution system for a compressed air injection engine operating on mono or multi energy and other engines or compressors.

US Patent no: US 8,276,384 B2 (2002), invs.: G. Negre, V. Loubet, Negre, C. Cedex. Ambient temperature thermal energy and constant pressure cryogenic engine.

J. Adder. Assessment of Future Vehicle Transportation Options and Their Impact on the Electric Grid. DOE/NETL-2010/1466; Morgantown, WV, USA: National Energy Technology Laboratory; 2011.

A. Papson, F. Creutzig, L. Schipper. Compressed air vehicles: drive-cycle analysis of vehicle performance, environmental impacts, and economic costs, Transp Res Rec J Transp Res Board. 2010; 2191: 67–74p.

Motor Development International (MDI) Home Page. Available online: index.php (accessed on 8 March 2013).

H. Kang, C. Tai, E. Smith, X. Wang, T. Tsao, P. Blumberg, J. Stewart. Demonstration of air-power-assist (APA) engine technology for clean combustion and direct energy recovery in heavy duty application, In: Proceedings of SAE World Congress and Exhibition. Detroit, MI, USA, 14 April 2008; SAE International: Warrendale, PA, USA.

M. Schechter. New cycles for automobile engines, In: Proceedings of International Congress and Exposition. Detroit, MI, USA, 1 March 1999; SAE International: Warrendale, PA, USA.

Motor Development International (MDI) Web Page. AIR Pod. Available online: english/airpod.php (accessed on 27 August 2012).

M. Schechter. Regenerative compression braking – a low cost alternative to electric hybrids, In: Proceedings of SAE 2000 World Congress. Detroit, MI, USA, 6 March 2000; SAE International: Warrendale, PA, USA.

M. Andersson, B. Johansson, A. Hultqvist. An air hybrid for high power absorption and discharge, In: Proceedings of 2005 Brasil Fuels and Lubricants Meeting. Rio de Janiero, Brazil, 11 May 2005; SAE International: Warrendale, PA, USA.

X. Wang, T. Tsao, C. Tai, H. Kang, P. Blumberg. Modeling of compressed air hybrid operation for a heavy duty diesel engine, J Eng Gas Turbines Power Trans. 2009; 131: 052802:1–8p.

P. Higelin, A. Charlet, Y. Chamaillard. Thermodynamic simulation of a hybrid pneumatic-combustion engine concept, Int J Thermodyn. 2002; 5: 1–11p.

C. Donitz, I. Vasile, C.H. Onder, L. Guzzella. Modelling and optimizing two- and four-stroke hybrid pneumatic engines, Proc Inst Mech Eng Part D J Autom Eng. 2009; 223: 255–80p.

C. Voser, C. Donitz, G. Ochsner, C. Onder, L. Guzzella. In-cylinder boosting of turbocharged spark-ignited engines. Part 1: Model-based design of the charge valve, Proc Inst Mech Eng Part D J Autom Eng. 2012; 226: 1408–18p.

C. Voser, T. Ott, C. Donitz, I. Vasile, C. Onder, L. Guzzella. In-cylinder boosting of turbocharged spark-ignited engines. Part 2: control and experimental verification, Proc Inst Mech Eng Part D J Autom Eng. 2012; 226: 1564–74p.

K.D. Huang, S.C. Tzeng. Development of a hybrid pneumatic-power vehicle, Appl Energy. 2005; 80: 47–59p.

K.D. Huang, S.C. Tzeng, W.P. Ma, W.C. Chang. Hybrid pneumatic-power system which recycles exhaust gas of an internal-combustion engine, Appl Energy. 2005; 82: 117–32p.

IDEX_CoporationGastAirmotor Web Page. Gast Air and Gear Motors. Available online: (accessed on 8 March 2013).

C. Tai, T.C. Tsao. Control of an electromechanical actuator for camless engines, In: Proceedings of the 2003 American Control Conference. Denver, CO, USA, 4–6 June 2003, 3113–8p.

P. Mercorelli. A switching model predictive control for overcoming a hysteresis effect in a hybrid actuator for camless internal combustion engines, In: Proceedings of 2011 Workshop on Predictirve Control of Electrical Drives and Power Electronics. Munich, Germany, 14–15 October 2011, 10–6p.

IDEX_Coporation Jun-Air Home Page. Available online: (accessed on 8 March 2013).

F. Phillips, I. Gilbert, J.-P. Pirault, M. Megel. Scuderi split cycle research engine: overview, architecture and operation, SAE Int J Engines. 2011; 4: 450–66p.

T. Bulaty, H. Niessner. Calculation of 1-D unsteady flows in pipe systems of IC engines, J Fluids Eng. 1985; 107: 407–12p.

N.W. Sung, J.W. Song, Y. Jeong, C.S. Kim. Flow modeling for the branched intake manifold engine, In: Proceedings of International Congress and Exposition. Detroit, MI, USA, 26 February 1996; SAE International: Warrendale, PA, USA.


  • There are currently no refbacks.