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Cutting Force Analysis on the Vegetable Oil-Based Cutting Fluid in Turning of EN8 Steel

M. Ganchi


Many problems such as environment and health issues are recognized with the use of cutting fluids. There has been demand for developing a new environment friendly cutting fluid such as vegetable based cutting fluids (VBCF) to reduce these harmful effects. In this study, performance of VBCFs from palm oil with different ratio of additives likes tween 20 and tween 80 are evaluated for reducing cutting force during turning of EN8 steel with carbide insert tool. In this present work different machining parameters were taken and their effect on cutting force has been analyzed on vegetable oil based cutting fluid (VBCF) palm oil as non-conventional lubricant. Cutting parameter taken were spindle speed and feed rate while the depth of cut was kept constant. EN8 steel was the workpiece material for the study. Further the analysis and optimization of cutting force was also done using Taguchi method to find the contribution of different cutting parameters on tool temperature. The results show that all the input process parameters affect the cutting force of EN8 steel specimen but feed rate affect most.

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