Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Design and Modelling of Roller Chain Drive and Sprocket

Deepak Singh


A model of roller chain drive is developed, in which design parameter of roller chain is calculated. Along with this, modal analysis of roller chain drive is performed. Model of chain drive is designed with two sprockets and a chain; sprockets have the real tooth profile.
Finite element-based modal analysis is performed using modal analysis tool in Ansys Workbench. A three-dimensional (3D) model of chain drive system is prepared for the modal analysis. Both the spans are equally tightened. Modal analysis is performed to know the natural frequency of roller chain drive system, so that the resonance in the system can be avoided.

Full Text:



American Chain Association Chains for Power Transmission and Material Handling handbook.

Troedsson, L. Vedmar. A dynamic analysis of the oscillations in a chain drive, J Mech Design. 2001; 123(3): 395–401p.

Troedsson and L. Vedmar. A Method to Determine the Dynamic Load Distribution in a Chain Drive, Proc Inst Mechanical Engineers, Part C: J Mech Eng Sci. 2001; 215: 569–78p.

Troedsson, L. Vedmar. A method to determine the static load distribution in a chain drive, Trans ASME, J Mech Design. 1999; 402–8p.

J Giesbers. Contact mechanics in MSC adams, Bachelor Thesis. Applied Mechanics Department, University of Twente, 2012.

J. N. Fawcett, S. W. Nicol. Vibration of a roller chain drive at a constant speed and load, Proc Inst Mech Eng. 1980; 194: 97–101p.

J.C. Conwell, G. E. Johnson. Experimental investigation of chain tension and roller sprocket impact force in roller chain drive, Ph.D. Dissertation. Tennessee, Nashville: Vanderbilt University. 1992.

K. M. Marshek. On the analyses of sprocket load distribution, Mech Mach Theory. 1979; 14: 135–9p.

L Xu, Y Yang, Z Chang, J Liu. Dynamic modeling of a roller chain drive system considering the flexibility of input shaft, Chin J Mech Eng. 2010; 23(5): 367–74p.

M.R. Naji, K.M. Marshek. Analysis of sprocket load distribution, Mech Mach Theor. 1983; 18(5): 349–56p.

M.R. Naji, K.M. Marshek. Analysis of roller chain sprocket pressure angles, Mech Mach Theor. 1984; 19(2): 197–203p.

M.R. Naji, K.M. Marshek. The effect of pitch difference on the load distibution of the roller chain drive, Mech Mach Theory. 1989; 24(5): 351–62p.

M.S. Kim, G.E. Johnson. Mechanics of roller chain sprocket contact, Ph.D. Dissertation. Michigan: Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan; 1990.

R.C Binder. Mechanics of the Roller Chain Drive. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall; 1956.

Roller chain products catalogue by Timken drivers.

S.L. Pedersen. Model of contact between rollers and sprocket in chain drive system, Arch Appl Mech. 2005; 74: 489–508p.

S.L. Pedersen. Simulation and analysis of roller chain drive systems, Ph.D. Dissertation. Dept Mech Eng, Solid Mechanics, Technical University of Denmark, 2004.

S. Mahalingam. Polygonal action in chain drives, J Franklin Inst. 1958; 265(1): 23–8p.

The Complete Guide to Chain, 1997 by U.S. Tsubaki Inc.

W. Choi, G.E. Johnson. Vibration of roller chain drives at low, medium and high operating speeds, Vibrat Mech Syst Hist Mech Des. 1993; 63: 29–40p. ASME DE.


  • There are currently no refbacks.