Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Performance Analysis Of A Bio Diesel Fuelled Diesel Engine With The Effect Of Titanium Oxide (TiO2) Coated Piston

K. Kusuma, E. L. Nagesh

Abstract


Biodiesel is one of the best alternative fuel to diesel engine among other sources due to having potential to reduce emissions. Biodiesel is a renewable, biodegradable and environment friendly fuel in nature. The advantages of biodiesel are lower exhaust gas emissions and its biodegradability and renewability compared with petroleum based diesel fuel. The energy of the biodiesel can be released more efficiently with the concept of semi adiabatic (thermal barrier coated piston) engine. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance and emission characteristics of a single cylinder direct injection (DI) diesel engine using 25% biodiesel blend (Jatropha Di-Ethyl Ether: JDEE) as fuel with thermal barrier coated piston. Initially the piston crown was coated with Titanium Oxide (TiO2) of thickness of 300 micron (0.3mm) by plasma coating method. The results revealed that the brake thermal efficiency (BTE) was increased by 4% and BSFC was decreased by 9% for B25 with coated piston compared to uncoated piston with diesel. The smoke, CO and HC emissions were also decreased for B25 blend with coated piston compared with the uncoated piton engine. The combustion characteristics such as peak pressure, maximum rate of pressure rise and heat release rate were increased and the ignition delay was decreased for B25 blend for the coated piston compared with diesel fuel.

Keywords: Jatropha Di-Ethyl Ether: JDEE, Diesel engine, Titanium Oxide coated piston, Performance, Emission, Combustion, Thermal barrier coating, biodiesel.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ramadhas, A.S., et al., Characterization and effect of using rubber seed oil as fuel in

compression ignition engines, Renewable Energy 30(2005), pp. 795–803.

Narayana Reddy, J., Ramesh, A., Parametric studies for improving the performance of a

Jatropha oil-fuelled compression ignition engine, Renewable Energy, 31(2006), pp.1994-

Nwafor, O.M.L., Rice, G., Performance of rapeseed oil blends in diesel engines, Applied

Energy, 54(1996), pp. 345–354.

Canakci, M., Combustion characteristics of a turbocharged DI compression ignition engine

fueled with petroleum diesel fuels and biodiesel, Bio resource Technology,98(2007),

pp.1167–75.

Sahoo, P.K., et al., Biodiesel development from high acid Polanga seed oil and performance

evaluation in a CI engine, Fuel,86(2007), pp. 448-454.

Purushothaman, K., Nagarajan, G., Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of

a compression ignition engine operating on neat orange oil, Renewable Energy, 34(2009), pp.

–245.

Leenus Jesu Martin, et al., A comparative analysis of different methods to improve the

performance of cotton seed oil fuelled diesel engine, Fuel 102(2012), pp. 372–378.

Raheman, H., Ghadge, S.V., Performance of compression ignition engine with Mahua

(Madhuca indica) biodiesel. Fuel, 86(2006), pp. 2568–2573.

Lakshmi Narayana Rao, G., et al., Combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engines

fueled with rice bran oil methyl ester and its diesel blends, Thermal Science,

(2008),pp.139-150.

Suresh Kumar, K.R., Velraj, R., Ganesan, R., Performance and Exhaust emission

characteristics of a CI engine fueled with Pongamia pinnata methyl ester and its blends with

diesel, Renewable energy,33(2008),pp. 2294-2302.

Rajan, K., Senthil Kumar, K.R., Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine

with Internal Jet Piston using Bio diesel, International Journal of Environmental Studies,

(2010),4, pp. 556-567.

Hemanandh, J., Narayanan, K.V., Experimental Studies of Emissions in a CI Engine

Blended with Refined Sunflower Oil. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 6(2013),

,pp. 4954-4959.

Pugazhvadivu, M., Studies on the effect of ethanol addition to biodiesel; Performance and

emissions of a diesel engine, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 2(2009),11,pp. 23-

Hanumantha Rao, Y.V., et al., Experimental investigations on Jatropha biodiesel and

additive in diesel engine, Indian Journal of Science and Technology,2(2009), 4,pp. 25-31.

Vedaraman, N., et al., Methyl ester of Sal oil (Shorea robusta) as a substitute to diesel

fuel—A study on its preparation, performance and emissions in direct injection diesel

engine, Industrial Crops and Products, 36(2012), pp.282–288.

Kawamura, H., et al., Sekiyama, S,. Combustion and combustion chamber for a low heat

rejection engine, SAE International, 1996, 960506, doi. 10.4271/960506.

Hazar, H., Effects of biodiesel on a low heat loss diesel engine, Renewable Energy,

(2009),pp.1533–1537.

Hanbay, H., Cotton methyl ester usage in a diesel engine equipped with insulated

combustion chamber, Applied Energy,87(2009), pp. 134-140.

Kamo, R., et al., Coatings for improving engine performance, SAE Transactions, 1997,

, doi: 10.4271/970204.

Boehm,G., Harrer, J., Nickel Coated Pistons for Improved Durability in Knock Control

Engines, SAE Transtactions, 1990, 900453,pp.1031-103.

Rajan, K., Prabhahar, M., Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine

with titanium oxide coated Piston using Pongamia methyl ester, Journal of Mechanical

Science and Technology, 27(2013), 5, pp.1519-1526.

Banapurmath, N,R., Tewari, P.G., Performance of a Low Heat Rejection Engine Fuelled

with low volatile Honge oil and its methyl ester (HOME), Proceedings Inst. of Mech. Eng.

Part A Journal of Power and Energy,222 (2008), 3, pp.323-330.

John, B. Heywood., Internal combustion engine fundamentals, Mc Graw Hill Publishers

, New York, USA.

Abedin, M., et al., Combustion, performance, and emission characteristics of low heat

rejection engine operating on various biodiesels and vegetable oils, Energy Conversion and

Management, 85 (2014), pp. 173–189.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.