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Additive Manufacturing Process: Materials Status and Opportunity

Sunil Kumar Tiwari, Sarang Pande, Santosh M. Bobade

Abstract


Additive Manufacturing (AM) techniques provide a technological tool for making solid free form products. AM technique uses a wide range of materials developed by various groups of technology and has become an alternative to conventional manufacturing techniques to produce better quality product at less cost, shorter lead times and with more customer delights. To make this technology viable development of a database of material properties, test centre to test material properties and more investigation to improve fabricated parts properties, its accuracy and development of new materials for various applications is required. Currently, limited materials are available with a very high cost that impedes growing number of applications of AM process. Apart from these many technical challenges, including process control and modelling would benefit in producing high strength parts with good aesthetic quality satisfying the customer needs. Moreover, interest in multifunctional structures made automatically from multiple materials poses a challenge for today’s additive manufacturing (AM) technologies; however the ability to process multiple materials is a fundamental advantage to some AM technologies. The capability to fabricate multiple material parts can improve AM technologies by either optimizing the mechanical properties of the parts or providing additional functions to the final parts.

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